Publications

Publication
06.29.22
The Community Corrections Fines and Fees Study team has released a study examining the fines and fees attributed to four similar cases in the same Indiana county. The costs imposed at the time of conviction were comparable in three of the…
Publication
06.03.22
For most individuals who receive a prison sentence, the amount of time they will serve in prison is somewhat unpredictable because of officials’ discretionary capacity to exercise “back-end” release decisions, including parole release…
Report
06.01.22
“Indeterminacy” is the product of uncertainty, after a judge has pronounced a prison sentence, about later official decisions that will influence the actual time served by the defendant. The uncertainty extends over many future decisions,…
Research
05.17.22
Though there are multiple jurisdictions with sentencing guidelines, each exists on what we refer to as the advisory to mandatory continuum, referring to the degree to which the guidelines are enforced within each jurisdiction and,…
Publication
05.06.22
Jurisdictions across the United States take varied approaches to figuring out appropriate sentences in criminal cases. Some jurisdictions have sentencing commissions to help guide policy decisions in these areas. And some also have…
Infographic
04.19.22
Indeterminacy in prison sentences refers to the unpredictability of the actual length of time that will be served in prison compared to the length of the sentence pronounced by the judge. It reflects the degree to which back-end…
Publication
07.01.21
Ramsey County Community Corrections and the Robina Institute of Criminal Law and Criminal Justice partnered to participate in the Reducing Revocations Challenge, a national initiative of Arnold Ventures and the CUNY Institute for State and…
Publication
06.01.21
As part of the Mass Probation and Health project, the Robina Institute led a survey of probation officers aimed at learning about probation officer attitudes and beliefs about the links between probation and health, and how they saw their…
Report
05.03.21
In late 2020, St. Paul Mayor Melvin Carter established the Community-First Public Safety Commission and charged the group with focusing on alternative first-response options to priority four and priority five calls for service, and…
Publication
02.09.21
The Prison Release: Degrees of Indeterminacy Project state reports provide an overview of how each state approaches prison-release discretion and the relationship between rules for prison release and prison population size. We evaluate the…